Hallstatt-Dachstein/Salzkammergut cultural landscape

The history of the Salzkammergut, this magnificent natural landscape, is dating back to the prehistoric times, when the salt deposit started being exploited as early as the 2nd millennium BC. This revelation of the salt resources formed the basis of the area's prosperity up to the 20th century, the prosperity, which is reflected in the gentle architecture and the human life in Hallstatt. This little town located at the foot of the Alps, in a narrow valley between the lake and high mountains.  The place is so small that there was no place for a large enough cemetery. In the 18th century in order to make place for newly dead,  the Church began exhume skeletons. They were properly bleached and the skulls were painted with symbolic decorations, the names and dates so that the dead were remembered.
The archaeological finding in Hallstatt are so precious and rich (the museum in Hallstatt has the second largest archaeological collection  in Austria) that gave the name - the Hallstatt culture – to the predominant Central European culture from the 8th to 6th centuries BC.

Breathtaking natural scenery, precious archaeological findings and unique  charnel-house rank this place among the most visited sights in Austria. Hallstatt is so beautiful that the Chinese decided to replicate the whole town in China!!



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