Historic Centre of Krakow

It is one of the most famous old districts in Poland today. Once the capital of Poland Krakow retained its beauty and the historical value.  It is situated at the foot of the Royal Wawel Castle, on the banks of the Vistula river. Krakow being the large merchants' town has the largest market square in Europe. The Old town (Stare Miasto) is the oldest part of the city. Numerous palaces, churches, historical houses reflect the significant importance and magnificent history of the city in past.

The characteristic perfectly orthogonal streets were built already in the mid of the 13th century. Of the medieval city fortification only the gate and the little wall have remained.  To the most famous sights in Krakow belongs also the Jagellonian University, which is the second oldest university in Central Europe and one of the oldest in the world.

The old Jewish district of Kazimierz  with its ancient synagogues is one of the best known attractions of Krakow. The full Jewish population of Kazimierz of 64,000 people was deported to the concentration camps, only 6,000 coming back.

 
 
 
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