This is the third largest Catholic pilgrimage site in the world with a Shrine to Our Lady of Czestochowa, the Black Madonna. The faithful has believed for ages that St. Luke the Evangelist himself painted the divine icon on a tabletop from the Holy Family’s house. The  holly picture travelled from Jerusalem through Constantinopol and was placed in Częstochowa in August 1382. Since then the place has become one of the crucial destinations for pilgrims of the whole world.
The Black Madonna picture is the heart of the sanctuary. It adjoins a large baroque church from the 17 century.  The area also includes the 105 m  tall tower and a baroque monastery from the 17 century, Great Refectory, Knight Hall and the library with a collection of old precious books. The whole area was fortified in the mid of the 17th  century.


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